Dd15 turbo actuator symptoms. In this video I go over some of the things to look for before r...

EGR Actuator (DD13 & DD15) Red / Black: DKI470E16022-41: A

a. Yes; replace turbocharger. Refer to section "Removal of the DD13 Turbocharger". Refer to section "Removal of the DD15 and the DD16 Turbocharger". b. No; replace the MCM. Refer to section "Removal of the Motor Control Module".” It seems that replacing the MCM is the last ditch effort to resolve this problem and be able to clear this code.Turbo Actuator 4034289 For Cummins QSX ISX15 HE451V New. Turbo Actuator; Turbo Cartridge 2881993 For Cummins ISX15 HE551V turbo ... A4720901480 Detroit Freightliner DD15 Turbocharger. Turbocharger; All Products. Send Us A Message. Name * Email * Subject. Message * Name. Send Message. Get In Touch. Email. [email protected]. …Turbo chargers are sometimes installed after market by car tuners and enthusiasts, while many cars and trucks come with them stock from the manufacturer. Though the specific reasons may vary, all turbo chargers allow for increased power out...Duramax Diesel. VGT SOLENOID. fits. GM / Chevy / GMC. 2004.5 - 2016 Duramax (LLY, LBZ, LMM, and LML) 2004 - 2009 Topkick and Kodiak 4500 - 8500 (6.6L and 7.8L) Note to 2004 owners only: This Duramax VGT solenoid actuator will only fit late 2004 models equipped with the LLY engine. To ensure that you have the LLY engine, please verify …This video shows the diagnosis of a gross air leak at the diaphragm of the turbocharger's wastegate actuator on a customer's 1990 Eagle Talon TSi AWD with 4G...a. Yes; replace turbocharger. Refer to section "Removal of the DD13 Turbocharger". Refer to section "Removal of the DD15 and the DD16 Turbocharger". b. No; replace the MCM. Refer to section "Removal of the Motor Control Module".” It seems that replacing the MCM is the last ditch effort to resolve this problem and be able to clear this code.can cause J1939 fault codes while a health report is generated. Updated DTC list in "Symptoms". 12/09/2015 ‐ Added 2010+ V8 specific information for TMV, edited coding. Changed applies to and added a note regarding applicable models. ŁThis article is for general J1939 troubleshooting on 250k baud data link vehicles.This video shows the diagnosis of a gross air leak at the diaphragm of the turbocharger's wastegate actuator on a customer's 1990 Eagle Talon TSi AWD with 4G...Diesel VGT Turbo Electronic Actuator BasicsAmazon Printed Bookshttps://www.createspace.com/3789198Amazon Kindle Editionhttp://www.amazon.com/s/ref=nb_sb_noss...A turbo actuator, or wastegate, uses a pressure actuator, which is controlled by boost pressure as to whether it’s open or closed, to control boost pressure and power output. Diversion of the exhaust gases is what controls the speed of the ...Turbo Compressor In Temperature Sensor Installation. Section 17.7.8 Vehicle Speed Sensor. ... EPA07 DD15 Troubleshooting Guide - DDC-SVC-MAN-0029: Generated on 10-13-2008: Posted in DD15 Troubleshooting. Published by samuel07042012. View all posts by samuel07042012 Post navigation.DD5™ DD8™ DD13® DD15® DD16® Legacy Engines Detroit Engines Detroit Engines Mean Powerful Business. Detroit ® engines perform at their peak for miles and miles, with best-in-class fuel economy and low-cost maintenance and service. Every step of our design, testing and manufacturing process builds quality into every engine that bears the Detroit …Amazon.com: Turbocharger Wastegate Actuator with Heat Shield Fits for Detroit Diesel DD13 DD15 Replaces A4710964399 A4710963599 A4710964999 …Tools needed,17mm wrench13mm shallow socketLong extension Ratchet 1/4 or 3/8 whatever sockets you use13mm deep socket5mm Allen wrench or socketHose cuttersNe...Does the EGR actuator move when the ignition is first turned on? a. Yes; Go to step 7. b. No; replace the EGR actuator. Refer to the following section: For DD13, Refer to section "Removal of the DD13 Exhaust Gas Recirculation Valve Actuator". For DD15TC or DD16 equipped with Delphi actuators, Refer to section "Removal of the DD15 and DD16Part Type: Turbo Assembly Brand: Tamerx Diesel Products Application . Engine Make: Detroit Engine Type: DD15 Year: 2013-2016 Additional Details . Info: EPA2013- W/ Actuator Part Number: A4720901480RM-WA OEM Number: A4720901480 This Product Contains A Core . Core Charge: $800 Core Disclaimer: The CORE charge is a 30 day hold and will …Actuator On the DD15 with an asymmetrical turbocharger, the Exhaust Gas Recirculation (EGR) actuator is located on the cylinder block as opposed to the turbo-compound model DD15, where the EGR actuator is mounted in a bracket on the exhaust manifold. Install as follows: NOTICE: If reusing the original actuator bolts, always apply a small amount ...Title: Scanned DocumentWe can avoid VGT failure by employing protection procedures. First, we match oil changes to engine hours and drive cycles, NOT to mileage. Second, we watch for oil pan sludge accumulation and check oil condition when we change oil. Gritty oil will lead to turbo failure. Third, we watch for the engine “making oil”.5. Install the coolant line to the EGR valve actuator and the banjo bolt on cylinder block. Tighten coolant line to EGR valve actuator and the coolant line banjo bolt into the cylinder block to 35 N·m (26 lb·ft). 6. Connect the EGR valve actuator to the engine wiring harness and attach the EGR valve actuator wiring to the points shown below ...Table 1 DD15/16 EGR Actuator Replacement Service Kit (P/N: EA4701500794) Removal of the DD15 Exhaust Gas Recirculation Valve Actuator . Remove as follows: 1. Shut off the engine, apply the parking brake, chock the wheels, and perform any other applicable safety steps. 2. Disconnect the batteries.DT12 trans/clutch relearn procedure... 3 Chaz Trimble 1,360 posts since Feb 2, 2015 Re: DT12 trans/clutch relearn procedure fails Jul 10, 2020 4:04 AMEGR Actuator (DD13 & DD15) Red / Black: DKI470E16022-41: A0001506136: Refer to section "Removal of the DD13 and DD15 Exhaust Gas Recirculation Valve Actuator" of the Workshop Manual: EGR Actuator (DD16) Red / Black: DKI470E16022-41: A0001506436: Refer to section "Removal of the DD16 Exhaust Gas Recirculation Valve Actuator" of the Workshop ManualTurbo Wastegate Fit Freightliner Detroit Diesel DD13 DD15 Turbocharger Actuator USD$75.00 USD$140.00 WARNING: This product contains chemicals known to the state of California to cause cancer and birth defects or reproductive harm.problem, or a problem with symptoms but no diagnostic codes. Use this and the response as a guideline. Refer to Questionnaire Response Guidelinefound on page 1–6. 1. How often does the problem occur? Can you and the driver take the vehicle and demonstrate the problem in less than 30 minutes? 2. Has the vehicle been to other shops for the same ...A Checklist for Inspecting Your Turbocharger September 29, 2023. Overhauling and Repairing a Marine Turbocharger September 26, 2023. What Is Engine Aspiration and Why Is It Important? September 15, 2023. How To Tell if a Turbocharger Is Quality September 07, 2023. A Quick Guide to Testing an Actuator in Your …Wear or faults on your electronic actuator can render your entire turbocharger useless. We offer a full diagnosis and repair service where our technicians will test and strip your actuator down to its core components. As standard, we will replace your motor and resolder the board connectors. Common faults, such as dry solder joints, worn or ...WARNING!!: ⚠️⚠️⚠️Always use the proper tools and safety equipment to perform this job. Failure to perform the job correctly can result in personal injury or ...Turn the ignition OFF. 12. Inspect the wastegate actuator and the plumbing to and from the actuator. Verify wastegate linkage. ... Refer to section "Removal of the GHG14 DD15 Asymmetrical Turbocharger Wastegate Solenoid" . ... I would recommend attemppting to find a known good one from another truck with the same symptoms or having yours ...DD15, DD13. Freightliner Cascadia, Detroit Diesel. Something went wrong. View cart for details.First do the calibrate with the actuator off the turbo. Make sure the turbo arm is all the way clockwise for install. Then install the actuator and do the install on Insite. Its fairly self explanatory once you get to the VGT actuator page on Insite. Nah, no calibrate on the coolant level sensor.7. Perform the function test of the Turbo wastegate; Refer to section "Functional Check of the DD13 and GHG14 DD15 Asymmetrical Turbocharger Wastegate Actuator". a. If the Wastegate passed the functional check, Go to step 9. b. If the Wastegate failed the functional check, repair as necessary. 8. Measure air inlet restriction and/or inspect the ...Content. Introducing the Turbocharger Wastegate Actuator for the 2015 - 2021 Detroit Diesel DD15 14.8L 455-560HPFreightliner Cascadia Truck (Class 3-8) Detroit Diesel …The VGT uses an actuator to control the position of a set of vanes within the turbo. These vanes can be adjusted to optimize the flow of exhaust gases through the turbo, and therefore the amount of boost that is produced. On a Cummins ISX engine, the VGT and actuator are located on the exhaust side of the engine. With that behind you, it's time to turn attention to the Turbo Control Solenoid (on the lower intake manifold), the lower hose going into the solenoid is the one carrying boost from the Charge Relief Solenoid, and the one on top (or closer to the manifold if you prefer) is the one going to the Turbo Control Actuator (it controls the exhaust ...The turbo actuator does a simple but vital job – it acts as a pressure relief valve that controls the boost output of your turbo, diverting excess exhaust gases away from the turbine wheel. This controls the speed of the turbine, preventing it from over-speeding, and regulating the speed of the compressor. Ultimately, this helps to protect ...A failed Turbo Actuator or VGT Turbo share similar symptoms. Rob from HHP Technical Sales is here to share what key indicators to look for when diagnosing a bad turbo actuator. Talk to...TURBO CHARGER. ENGINE PARTS - Manifold - OIL BLOCK ADAPTER - Water Pump; INJECTOR - INJECTOR; SILICONE HOSE - 90 Degree Elbow Coupler - 90 Degree Elbow Reducer - Straight Coupler - Straight Hose with Clamps - Straight Reducer - Straight Tube 1 Foot (12") - Subaru Hose - Volkswagen Hose; TURBO CHARGER - ADAPTER - BMW - …Replacing a leaking EGR actuator on a DD15. Simple and easy way to remove and install an EGR actuator. Although depending on the year, the actuator will need...We can avoid VGT failure by employing protection procedures. First, we match oil changes to engine hours and drive cycles, NOT to mileage. Second, we watch for oil pan sludge accumulation and check oil condition when we change oil. Gritty oil will lead to turbo failure. Third, we watch for the engine “making oil”.We can avoid VGT failure by employing protection procedures. First, we match oil changes to engine hours and drive cycles, NOT to mileage. Second, we watch for oil pan sludge accumulation and check oil condition when we change oil. Gritty oil will lead to turbo failure. Third, we watch for the engine “making oil”.3 Cleaning of the Turbo Compound DD15 and DD16 Exhaust Gas Recirculation Systems 1. EGR Venturi 2. Bolt 3. Gasket 4. Bolt 5. Exhaust Gas Crossover Tube 6. Bolt 7. Lifting Bracket 8. Connecting Tube ... Turbocharger Exhaust Gas Recirculation Valve Actuator Pull Rod" 2. Remove the EGR Valve/Hot Pipe. Refer to section "Removal of the GHG14 …The amount of horsepower that is gained with a turbo is mostly measured in percentages. The percentages manufacturers quote on their products run between 35 and 60 percent. Some manufacturers do quote actual horsepower increases, and it is ...Detroit DD15 Engine Turbocharger, P/N A4720901480 for sale. Enjoy our hassle-free online checkout or call to speak to an expert.Mar 3, 2015 · In this video I share my knowledge about the turbo wastegate actuator. If the wastegate actuator is bad, it can cause severe damage to the engine.Wastegate a... NEW Turbo Actuator For Detroit DD13 DD15 Turbo Wastegate Freightliner Cascadia. Sponsored. $123.92. $131.83. Free shipping. Turbo Actuator For Detroit Freightliner DD13 DD15 Turbo Wastegate Cascadia. $49.99. Free shipping. TURBO WASTEGATE ACTUATOR For A4720961269 NEW DETROIT DD15 As Picture.Any item may be returned within 14 days as long as it is in new condition and in the original packaging. A restocking fee equal to 10% – 30% of the purchase price will be applied, and any shipping costs may be deducted from the refund. A4720961269 NEW DAP Detroit DD15 Turbo Wastegate Actuator Condition: New Warranty: Twelve (12) months.Its turbocharger and hollowed-out dual overhead camshafts work in tandem to make your DD15 diesel truck engine rev up faster and accelerate quicker than older Detroit engine models. This gives the engine incredible performance. Lower running costs. The engineering behind the Detroit DD15 engine is designed to make maintenance easy and affordable.The truck idles fine. Sounds like a jet engine. The actuator does not move up or down on idle. Its steady. When you start the motor and there is no air in the system. When air builds up the rod goes up and the fan switches off. I was thinking maybe my actuator is leaking. But it would show on idle as well.TURBO WASTEGATE ACTUATOR For A4720961269 NEW DETROIT DD15. $47.00. Free shipping. Check the item description to confirm this fits your vehicle. Hover to zoom.Turbo Tax is popular tax software made by Intuit. Turbo Tax software makes it easy to prepare other people's taxes. Interview-style questions allow you to input a person's information in the Turbo Tax software accurately. The program automa...Refer to section "Installation and Adjustment of the GHG14 DD13 Turbocharger Wastegate Actuator" b. No; replace the turbocharger. Refer to section "Installation of the DD13 Turbocharger". Verify repair. 42. Remove the clean air intake pipe from the turbocharger. 43. Inspect the turbocharger for damage. Is the turbocharger damaged? a. Yes ...5. Remove one nut connecting actuator to linkage and remove linkage from Exhaust Gas Recirculation (EGR) valve. 6. Disconnect the electrical harness connector from the EGR Valve actuator and unclip the actuator harness from the block. 7. Remove the coolant outlet line from the EGR actuator adaptor fitting and water manifold adaptor fitting. 8.Detroit DD15 Turbo Acutator, P/N A4701500694 for sale. Enjoy our hassle-free online checkout or call to speak to an expert. Email Us Call ... DETROIT DD15 TURBO ACTUATOR P/N# A4701500694: DD15 TURBO ACCUATOR PN# DC A4721500494: Price: $290.00: $300.00: $636.00: Specifications. Item Tag #: 24766991: Price: $300.00 : …887393-5005S. $1,500.00. Quantity: Add to Wish List. Description. Garrett replacement turbo for Detroit DD15 engine. While the Detroit DD15 engine originally came with a Holset HX55 turbo, Garrett has released a new equivalent turbo that is a direct replacement turbo for the Detroit DD15. Commonly found on Freightliner Cascadia, Freightliner ...a. Yes; reconnect the EGR valve actuator pull rod to the EGR valve and EGR actuator. Clear codes and retest vehicle. If fault returns, Go to step 28. b. No; replace the EGR valve. For the DD13: Refer to section "Removal of the Exhaust Manifold". For the DD15 and DD16: Refer to section "Removal of the DD15 and DD16 Exhaust Gas Recirculation ...Refer to section "Installation and Adjustment of the GHG14 DD13 Turbocharger Wastegate Actuator" b. No; replace the turbocharger. Refer to section "Installation of the DD13 Turbocharger". Verify repair. 42. Remove the clean air intake pipe from the turbocharger. 43. Inspect the turbocharger for damage. Is the turbocharger damaged? a. Yes ...Any item may be returned within 14 days as long as it is in new condition and in the original packaging. A restocking fee equal to 10% – 30% of the purchase price will be applied, and any shipping costs may be deducted from the refund. A4720961269 NEW DAP Detroit DD15 Turbo Wastegate Actuator Condition: New Warranty: Twelve (12) months.I have a ISX 15 CM2250 that is surging at boost pressure…. I also found issues like this by putting the engine in a REGEN and seeing what fault becomes active. That's a good trick too . so is hitting the turbo and actuator with a hammer. not to damage it but to see if it may free up. Had a few like that too.WARNING!!: ⚠️⚠️⚠️Always use the proper tools and safety equipment to perform this job. Failure to perform the job correctly can result in personal injury or ...the wastegate actuator move? a. Yes; Go to step 39. b. No; Go to step 22. 22. Drain the vehicle air tanks until the air pressure is 0 bar (0 psi). ... For DD15 (non-AT) and DD16: Refer to section "Removal of the DD15 and the DD16 Turbocharger". Verify repair. For DD15 AT: Refer to section "Removal of the GHG14 DD15 Asymmetrical Turbocharger ...Excessive Exhaust Smoke. You can tell a lot from exhaust smoke and a faulty turbo will cause excessive exhaust smoke of a range of colors. Increased Oil Consumption. If you are noticing your car using more oil, this could be a sign that your turbo is leaking oil and leaking into the manifold. Engine Management Light.This information applies to all EPA10/GHG14/GHG17 DD13, DD15 and DD16 On-Highway engines. The flow chart below is a representation of the different paths this failure guide can take theThe AHI module’s purpose is to regulate and control the amount of fuel that goes to the 7th injector during the DPF regeneration process. The AHI module goes through various self-checks during the operation of the engine. If the system detects an issue, it will automatically cause an active fault code related to the AHI module or 7th injector.Tamerx has a great selection of Detroit DD15 Turbo Actuators. Our Online Store makes your purchase experience smooth and enjoyable. Our Inventory is: In Stock and Available, Fast Delivery Options, Made in the USA.About Your Turbocharger. The main goal of a turbo is to give your engine more power by using exhaust gas to power its turbine. This forces air into the combustion chamber. Without the turbo, your engine would have a lot less power. It also has a lot of moving components, which creates opportunities for failure. Symptoms of Problems in Your TurboFit Engine: DD15 Applications: Freightliner Cascadia Horsepower: 455-560HP Model: 14.8L, B3G Reference Part Numbers: A4720901480, RA4720901480, A4710962301 etc. No core charge, Brand new, 3-month Warranty. Note * This is a direct bolt-on aftermarket part. * You will get the same performance as the original factory turbo at a much better price.A failed Turbo Actuator or VGT Turbo share similar symptoms. Rob from HHP Technical Sales is here to share what key indicators to look for when diagnosing a bad turbo actuator. Talk …Noted below are a few of the common warning signs of a bad or failing throttle controller. 1. Intermittent throttle control. The throttle controller is controlled electrically as opposed to the older, mechanical cables that ran from the throttle pedal to the throttle body. In some instances, the electric signal is disrupted, whether due to a ...DD15 2 Re: It's still TICKING... DD15 Apr 7, 2020 12:03 PM Yes, this was done during the initial inspection - prior to replacement of the rocker arm & rockers Jon Cecil 887 posts since Nov 25, 2014 Re: It's still TICKING... DD15 Apr 7, 2020 1:21 PM If Jason is correct with an exhaust leak, remove the EGR actuator rod and manually move the flap ...WARNING!!: ⚠️⚠️⚠️Always use the proper tools and safety equipment to perform this job. Failure to perform the job correctly can result in personal injury or ...DD15 2 Re: It's still TICKING... DD15 Apr 7, 2020 12:03 PM Yes, this was done during the initial inspection - prior to replacement of the rocker arm & rockers Jon Cecil 887 posts since Nov 25, 2014 Re: It's still TICKING... DD15 Apr 7, 2020 1:21 PM If Jason is correct with an exhaust leak, remove the EGR actuator rod and manually move the flap ...Does the EGR actuator move when the ignition is first turned on? a. Yes; Go to step 7. b. No; replace the EGR actuator. Refer to the following section: For DD13, Refer to section "Removal of the DD13 Exhaust Gas Recirculation Valve Actuator". For DD15TC or DD16 equipped with Delphi actuators, Refer to section "Removal of the DD15 and DD16problem, or a problem with symptoms but no diagnostic codes. Use this and the response as a guideline. Refer to Questionnaire Response Guidelinefound on page 1–6. 1. How often does the problem occur? Can you and the driver take the vehicle and demonstrate the problem in less than 30 minutes? 2. Has the vehicle been to other shops for the same ...For DD15 and DD16: Refer to section "Inspection of the DD15 and DD16 Turbocharger". Is any damage present? a. Yes; in the Test-E worksheet, record an X in the "replace" column for the turbocharger. For DD13 and DD15AT engine, Go to step 6. For DD15TC and DD16 engines, Go to step 5. b. No; for DD13 and DD15AT engines, Go to step 6.Refer to section "Installation of the GHG14 DD15 Asymmetrical Turbocharger Exhaust Gas Recirculation Valve Actuator Pull Rod". 9. Install the turbocharger gasket, and the turbocharger. Refer to section "Installation of the GHG14 DD15 Asymmetrical Turbocharger". 10. Install the EGR/Hot Pipe and turbocharger heat shields. WARNING: PERSONAL INJURYDD15 2 Re: It's still TICKING... DD15 Apr 7, 2020 12:03 PM Yes, this was done during the initial inspection - prior to replacement of the rocker arm & rockers Jon Cecil 887 posts since Nov 25, 2014 Re: It's still TICKING... DD15 Apr 7, 2020 1:21 PM If Jason is correct with an exhaust leak, remove the EGR actuator rod and manually move the flap ... Issues with the turbocharger vanes can also cause actuator failure. For Instance, if the turbo vanes are seized and will not move the actuator, trying to rotate to move the vanes open or closed may put a bind on the actuator gear and cause the motor that operates the gear to overheat and fail. It is very rare that you have a VGT Actuator gear ...Typical symptoms are having boost at lower RPMs and then a loss of boost at higher RPMs, this is agravated when engine warms-up softening the rubber allowing for easier and more complete colaspe of the hose. ... Turbo Control Solenoid and Turbo Control Actuator (Vacuum and Pressure) The Air Supply column indicates where the …Introducing the Turbocharger Wastegate Actuator for the 2015 – 2021 Detroit Diesel DD15 14.8L 455-560HPFreightliner Cascadia Truck (Class 3-8) Detroit Diesel DD15 14.8L 455-560HP- the perfect solution for controlling the boost pressure in your turbocharged engine. This high-quality actuator is designed to open and close the wastegate valve, based on …Does the EGR actuator move when the ignition is first turned on? a. Yes; Go to step 7. b. No; replace the EGR actuator. Refer to the following section: For DD13, Refer to section "Removal of the DD13 Exhaust Gas Recirculation Valve Actuator". For DD15TC or DD16 equipped with Delphi actuators, Refer to section "Removal of the DD15 and DD16DD13 and GHG14 asymmetrical turbo DD15 turbocharger wastegate solenoids are being replaced unnecessarily due to air leaks. REQUIRED ACTION The vehicle may have the following complaints: Check Engine Light (2631/1 Low Air Flow, or 3711/31 Parked Regen Failed – DOC In Temp Preventing Dosing) Leaking Air System Turn the ignition OFF. 12. Inspect the wastegate actuator and the plumbing to and from the actuator. Verify wastegate linkage. ... Refer to section "Removal of the GHG14 DD15 Asymmetrical Turbocharger Wastegate Solenoid" . ... I would recommend attemppting to find a known good one from another truck with the same symptoms or having yours ...What Are the Symptoms of a Bad Electronic Actuator? Your vehicle has a complete loss of power. The engine warning light, or other warning lights, are on. You have low- or over-boost, meaning either your vehicle is lagging or overcompensating when you accelerate. There are odd noises, like a whining ...If the EGR cooling system develops a leak, water can escape into the recirculating exhaust gas, and pass through the engine, and disappear out the exhaust pipe, with virtually no symptoms, except of …Command the PWM 10 to 70%; wastegate actuator rod should begin to move.[c] Command the PWM 10 to 90%; wastegate actuator rod should be fully open. Go to next step. [d] If the actuator fails to move, verify air supply pressure equals truck air pressure. If pressure is OK, replace the VPOD. 16. Check the brakegate actuator.. A Checklist for Inspecting Your TurbochargIntroducing the Turbocharger Wastegate Actuator srt 061006 egr valve actuator - r&r 1.7 srt 024007 fuel (hc) doser injector valve r&r 0.4 clo #024007x1 # hydrocarbon (hc) doser injector valve (fault code 4077 fmi 14) 1.9 : clo #061006 # egr valve actuator failure 2.5 srt 124000 air compressor - r&r 2.6 clo #124000x1 # air compressor / mounting seals, external oil leak 3.1 Wear or faults on your electronic actuator Install original MCM. Bring to operating temperature of 71°C (160°F). Road test the vehicle. Drive at highway speed with loaded trailer above 1130 rpm continuously for five minutes. Does fault become active? a. Yes; replace turbocharger. Refer to section "Removal of the DD13 Turbocharger". Refer to section "Removal of the DD15 and the DD16 ... Here are some common symptoms and warning signs that may hint ...

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